The 4th International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP) 2022

Sumatera Utara

May 18, 2022 – May 19, 2022

Human Security has become one of the contemporary global issues that are currently often discussed by academics and policy makers after receiving wide attention after the cold war. According to Allan Collins. Human Security as a condition of society that is given assistance or a sense of security from trauma that interferes with community development (Collins in Christie & Acharya, 2008). The concept of human security means ensuring security from severe threats that can occur to the community such as oppression, disease, or hunger, and also means protection from disturbances that harm people's lives both at home, at work, and in social life. In principle, the concept of human security is a security approach that focuses on issues of welfare, safety, and human dignity.

Initially, the concept of human security originated from national security which was initiated by countries to ensure the integrity and achievement of each country's sovereignty. However, as a result of the increasingly complex global transformation, the challenges and threats faced by countries in the world are also increasingly complex. The complexity of the problems faced by the world today include displacement due to conflict and violence, food availability, disease outbreaks such as the current Covid-19, human trafficking, human rights violations, illegal arms sales, terrorism, and so on. Therefore, the world needs common security to ensure the good survival of the world community, not only security in each country, but more broadly that the world is trying to pay more attention to the community to get a sense of security from conditions of insecurity in a country.

There are seven branches of security that have been detailed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to ensure that human security is very much needed for the community, first, economic security (guarantee from the threat of poverty and fulfillment of the

basic needs of citizens); second, food security (easy access to food needs); third, health security (guarantee of health services and protection from disease; fourth, environmental security (easy access to clean water and air); fifth, personal security (guarantee from acts of violence, physical threats, crime, abuse of addictive substances, and even safety from traffic accidents); sixth, community security (maintenance of cultural identity and tradition); seventh, political security (guarantee of human rights and freedom from political pressure).


Conference Information