USU Conference Systems, International Conference on Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases (ICTROMI) 2017

Font Size: 
Current Neglected Tropical Diseases in Indonesia
Juwita Sembiring, Yusuf Henuk

Last modified: 2017-10-28


Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is apopulartermforany of themajortropicalinfectionsotherthan“thebigthreeâ€â€”HIV/AIDS,malaria,tuberculosis—whichareendemic in developingregions of CentralandSouthAmerica,AsiaandAfrica,and,despitethelargenumber of peopleinfected,havemuchlowerlevels of internationalfundingforpreventionandtreatmentthanthebigthree. NTDs are a group of 18 infectious diseases – caused by protozoa, viruses, or bacteria and helmith– that disproportionately affect the poor and cause significant health and financial burdens. NTDs are endemic – meaning that they regularly infect humans – in 149 countries, with over 1 billion people infected and 2 billion people at risk.NTDs are historically overlooked diseases that have been neglected at the community, national, and international levels and are endemic in many resource-poor populations and developing countries. The majority of individuals and communities in these regions have far less access to the resources necessary to address the social determinants of NTDs and may live in poor sanitary conditions, have inadequate nutrition, and lack access to necessary public health and health care systems for treatment, despite many of these diseases being preventable and/or treatable through specific low-cost interventions. Globally, there are ten of the worst global “hotspots†where NTDs predominate  around the globe. There are seven diseases currently reported on the magnitude of the problem of NTDs in Indonesia. They are leprosy, yaws, dengue, rabies, lymphatic filariasisschistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminth.

Key words: Neglected Tropical Diseases, Indonesia