USU Conference Systems, International Conference on Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases (ICTROMI) 2017

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Last modified: 2017-10-24


Introduction:One of the most problem commonly found in elderly is the clinical condition of frailty. Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability to poor resolution of homoeostasis after a stressor event, which increases the risk of adverse outcomes. FRAIL Scale, a simple questionnaire that includes 5 components (Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illness, and Loss of weight) and can be rapidly administered by the physician as a screening test for frailty among elderly patients. Early detection of frailty on elderly patient is a must and its rarely done in the Geriatric Outpatient settings. Based on this we conducted this study to see the frailty profile for geriatric patients in outpatient clinic of RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan.

Methods:The type of this research is descriptive with an observational method done in the Geriatric Outpatient Clinic of Adam Malik Hospital. Sampling is done from July-September 2016. The population of this study were patients from the Geriatric Outpatient Clinic.Assessment using questionnaires FRAIL Scale.

Results: This study was followed by as many as 140 patients. Based on age the age group of 81-90 years were dominant frail (53.8%). Most of the subjects worked as civil servants (109 subjects) and most of them were robust (42.2%). Based on income, both groups were dominated by robust (38.3% and 41.3%, respectively). Based on BMI, most were robust with underweight 33.5%, normoweight 37.8%, and obese 44.7%.

Conclusion: among the 140 patients, frailty were found in the 27.1% of the subjects and the contributing factors were Age, Gender, and Obesity. This is still a preliminary study and further analytic research is still needed.


Keywords:Geriatric, Frailty, FRAIL Scale