USU Conference Systems, International Conference on Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases (ICTROMI) 2017

Font Size: 
Correlation Between Hypertension and Cognitive Function in Elderly

Last modified: 2017-10-17


Background: Hypertension and cognitive impairment are common disorders among elderly adults and their prevalences tend to rise as the population ages.  The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between hypertension and cognitive function in elderly.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study involving 62 elderly subjects. All subjects underwent physical and neurologic examination and  Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Indonesian Version (MoCA-INA) to assess cognitive function.

Results : This study included 62 subjects consisted of 26 males ( 41.9%) and 36 females (58.1%). There were 24 subjects (38.2%) with hypertension and  38 (61.3%) normal elderly subjects. The mean age was 65.71±4.49 years old. There was no significant differences on demographic characteristics, total MoCA-INA scores and scores based on cognitive domains between two groups, except for visuospatial and executive function (p=0.026). There was a significant correlation between hypertension and  visuospatial and executive function (r=0.301, p=0.017).

Conclusion : Hypertension is correlated with cognitive impairment mainly on visuospatial and executive function in elderly.


Keywords : hypertension, cognitive, executive function, elderly